A primary care physician may refer patients directly to a specialist, if certain medical conditions are already diagnosed, such as diabetes or circulatory conditions; or if there is a family history of vein disease. The first test done after an examination is usually an infrared test. The hemoglobin appears different when viewed under an infrared light. The test indicates the extent of the condition by allowing the specialist to see how many veins are effected beneath the skin. If there are only a few minor spider veins visible, the problem may not require further treatment past exercising. Several effected veins, or those that have become varicose veins, will require some varicose veins treatments. Once a vein is varicose, it has ceased to function in the primary capacity of delivering blood to deeper vessels. It can hinder circulation, spread to other veins, and cause significant pain.
The varicose veins treatments available today are minimally invasive, non-surgical, and covered by insurance, if treatment is medically necessary. Vein treatments for cosmetic reasons are not usually covered by insurance. There is very little recovery time, if any is needed at all, and many procedures can be completed in the office instead of a hospital. Sclerotherapy, either direct vision or ultrasound guided, is the injection of a special solution into the vein that collapses it. Once collapsed, the vein hardens and is absorbed into the body over several months. Ablation varicose veins treatments utilizes a laser fiber to collapse major veins.
The latest medical innovation to treat veins is a medical grade glue that adheres the walls of the vein to each other instantly, thereby collapsing the vein. This procedure is done with a local anesthetic, a small catheter, and no recovery time. It takes about twenty minutes for each vein. The sooner the disease is discovered, the quicker and easier treatments will be for the patient. Ignoring those first few spider veins is not wise as they could signal a serious problem.